tuscaning.com - The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence Florence works of art and Florence hotels b&b farmhouses apartments reservation Florence residences hostels camping in the sorrounding of Florence

 
Home  The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com businessbusiness  The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com ArtArt  The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com ItinerariesItineraries  The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com HotelsHotels my booking  |  sign in  |  change language - The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com  |   
TUSCANING.com The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com
  + open map  

Loading .. The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com Loading ..
art The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com art art in the province of Florence The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com art in the province of Florence art at Florence The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com art at Florence The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore
THE CATHEDRAL OF SANTA MARIA DEL FIORE  Florence (Florence)   Mi garba
 
20-img1--duomo.jpg The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore Florence - art, culture, show, information about Tuscany. A trip to look, learn, know ..
20-img1--duomo.jpg The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore Florence - art, culture, show, information about Tuscany. A trip to look, learn, know ..20-img2--santamariadelfiore2.gif The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore Florence - art, culture, show, information about Tuscany. A trip to look, learn, know ..20-img3--santamariadelfiore3.gif The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore Florence - art, culture, show, information about Tuscany. A trip to look, learn, know ..video The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore Florence Florence The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com

Florence - Florence (Florence) The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com
 
"
The Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore is the cathedral church (Duomo) of Florence, Italy, begun in 1296 in the Gothic style to the design of Arnolfo di Cambio and completed structurally in 1436 with the dome engineered by Filippo Brunelleschi. The exterior of the basilica is faced with polychrome marble panels in various shades of green and pink bordered by white and has an elaborate 19th century Gothic Revival facade by Emilio De Fabris.The cathedral complex includes the Baptistry and Giotto´s Campanile. The three buildings are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site covering the Historic Centre of Florence and are a major attraction to tourists visiting the region. The basilica is one of Italy´s largest churches, and until the modern era, the dome was one of the largest in the world, being surpassed in width only by that of the Pantheon in Rome. It remains the largest brick dome every constructed.The Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore was built on the sit of an earlier cathedral dedicated to Santa Reparata. The ancient building, founded in the early 5th century, and having undergone many repairs, was crumbling with age as attested in Nuova Cronica of Giovanni Villani (12761348), and was no longer large enough to serve the growing population of the city. Other major Tuscan cities had undertaken ambitious reconstructions of their cathedrals during the Late Medieval period, as seen at Pisa and particularly Siena where the enormous proposed extensions were never completed.Plan of the church with various extension phases Procession outside the cathedral during the 18th century Giotto´s bell tower (campanile)The new church was designed by Arnolfo di Cambio in 1296 who was also architect of the church of Santa Croce and the Palazzo Vecchio. He designed three wide naves ending under the octagonal dome, with the middle nave covering the area of Santa Reparata. The first stone was laid on September 9, 1296 by Cardinal Valeriana, the first papal legate ever sent to Florence. The building of this vast project was to last 170 years, the collective efforts of several generations and Arnolfo´s plan for the eastern end, although maintained in concept, was greatly expanded in size.After Arnolfo died in 1302, work on the cathedral slowed for the following thirty years. The project obtained new impetus, when the relics of San Zanobius were discovered in 1330 in Santa Reparata. In 1331, the Arte della Lana (Guild of Wool Merchants) took over exclusive patronage for the construction of the cathedral and in 1334 appointed Giotto to oversee the work. Assisted by Andrea Pisano, Giotto continued along di Cambio´s design. His major accomplishment was the building of the campanile. When Giotto died in 1337, Andrea Pisano continued the building until work was again halted due to the Black Plague in 1348.In 1349 work resumed on the cathedral under a series of architects, commencing with Francesco Talenti, who finished the campanile and enlarged the overall project to include the apse and the side chapels. In 1359 Talenti was succeeded by Giovanni di Lapo Ghini (13601369) who divided the center nave in four square bays. Other architects were Alberto Arnoldi, Giovanni d´Ambrogio, Neri di Fioravante and Orcagna. By 1375 the old church Santa Reparata was pulled down. The nave was finished by 1380, and by 1418 only the dome remained incomplete.The exterior walls are faced in alternate vertical and horizontal bands of polychrome marble from Carrara (white), Prato (green), Siena (red), Lavenza and a few other places. These marble bands had to repeat the already existing bands on the walls of the earlier adjacent baptistery the Battistero di San Giovanni and Giotto´s Bell Tower. There are two lateral doors, the Doors of the Canonici (south side) and the Door of the Mandorla (north side) with works of art of Nanni di Banco, Donatello, and Jacopo della Quercia. The six lateral windows, notable for their delicate tracery and ornaments, are separated by pilasters. Only the four windows, closest to the transept, admit light; the other two are merely ornamental. The clerestory windows are round, a common feature in Italian Gothic. The floor of the church was laid in marble tiles in the 16th century.During its long history, this cathedral has been the seat of the Council of Florence (1439), heard the preachings of Girolamo Savonarola and witnessed the murder of Giuliano di Piero de´ Medici on Easter Sunday, 26 April 1478 (with Lorenzo Il Magnifico barely escaping death)in the Pazzi conspiracy.The cathedral is built as a basilica, with a nave and two aisles, forming a Roman cross. The nave and the aisles are divided by wide pointed arches with composite pilasters, dividing the nave into four square bays.Its dimensions are enormous: length 153 metres (502 ft), width 38 metres (124 ft), width at the crossing 90 metres (295 ft). The height of the arches in the aisles is 23 metres (75 ft). The height from pavement to the opening of the lantern in the dome is also 90 metres (295 ft).The Gothic interior is vast and gives an empty impression. The relative bareness of the church corresponds with the austerity of religious life, as preached by Girolamo Savonarola.Many decorations in the church have been lost in the course of time, or have been transferred to the Museum Opera del Duomo, such as the magnificent cantorial pulpits (the singing galleries for the choristers) of Luca della Robbia and Donatello.As this cathedral was built with funds from the public, some important works of art in this church honour illustrious men and military leaders of Florence:Dante and the Divine Comedy by Domenico di Michelino (1465). This painting is especially interesting because it shows us, apart from scenes of the Divine Comedy, a view on Florence in 1465, a Florence such as Dante himself couldn´t have seen in his time;Funerary Monument to Sir John Hawkwood by Paolo Uccello (1436). This almost monochrome fresco, transferred on canvas in the 19th c., is painted in terra verde, a color closest to the patina of bronze;Equestrian statue of Niccolò da Tolentino by Andrea del Castagno (1456). This fresco, transferred on canvas in the 19th c., in the same style as the previous one, is painted in a color resembling marble. However, it is more richly decorated and gives more the impression of movement. Both frescoes portray the condottieri as heroic figures riding triumphantly. Both painters had problems when applying in painting the new rules of perspective to foreshortening: they used two unifying points, one for the horse and one for the pedestal, instead a single unifying point;Busts of Giotto (by Benedetto da Maiano), Brunelleschi (by Buggiano - 1447), Marsilio Ficino, and Antonio Squarcialupi (a most famous organist). These busts all date from the 15th and the 16th century. Above the main door is the colossal clock face with fresco portraits of four Prophets or Evangelists by Paolo Uccello (1443). This one-handed liturgical clock shows the 24 hours of the hora italica (Italian time), a period of time ending with sunset at 24 hours. This timetable was used till the 18th century. This is one of the few clocks from that time that still exist and are in working order.The church is particularly notable for its 44 stained glass windows, the largest undertaking of this kind in Italy in the 14th and 15th century. The windows in the aisles and in the transept depict saints from the Old and the New Testament, while the circular windows in the drum of the dome or above the entrance depict Christ and Mary. They are the work of the greatest Florentine artists of their times, such as Donatello, Lorenzo Ghiberti, Paolo Uccello and Andrea del Castagno.Christ crowning Mary as Queen, the stained-glass circular window above the clock, with a rich range of coloring, was designed by Gaddo Gaddi in the early 14th century.Donatello designed the stained-glass window (Coronation of the Virgin) in the drum of the dome (the only one that can be seen from the nave).The beautiful funeral monument of Antonio d´Orso (1323), bishop of Florence, was made by Tino da Camaino, the most important funeral sculptor of his time.The monumental crucifix, behind the Bishop´s Chair at the high altar, is by Benedetto da Maiano (1495-1497). The choir enclosure is the work of the famous Bartolommeo Bandinelli. The ten-paneled bronze doors of the sacristy were made by Luca della Robbia, who has also two glazed terracotta works inside the sacristy: Angel with Candlestick and Resurrection of Christ.In the back of the middle of the three apses is the altar of Saint Zanobius, first bishop of Florence. Its silver shrine, a masterpiece of Ghiberti, contains the urn with his relics. The central compartment shows us one his miracles, the reviving of a dead child. Above this shrine is the painting Last Supper by the lesser-known Giovanni Balducci. There was also a glass-paste mosaic panel The Bust of Saint Zanobius by the 16th century miniaturist Monte di Giovanni, but it is now on display in the Museum Opera del Duomo.Many decorations date from the 16th-century patronage of the Grand Dukes, such as the pavement in colored marble, attributed to Baccio d´Agnolo and Francesco da Sangallo (1520-26). Some pieces of marble from the facade were used, topside down, in the flooring (as was shown by the restoration of the floor after the 1966 flooding).It was suggested that the interior of the 45 metre (147 ft) wide dome should be covered with a mosaic decoration to make the most of the available light coming through the circular windows of the drum and through the lantern. Brunelleschi has proposed the vault to glimmer with resplendent gold, but his death in 1446 put an end to this project, and the walls of the dome were whitewashed. Grand Duke Cosimo I de´ Medici decided to have the dome painted with a representation of The Last Judgment. This enormous work, 3,600 metres (38 750 ft) of painted surface, was started in 1568 by Giorgio Vasari and Federico Zuccari and would last till 1579. The upper portion, near the lantern, representing The 24 Elders of Apoc. 4 was finished by Vasari before his death in 1574. Federico Zuccari and a number of collaborators, such as Domenico Cresti, finished the other portions: (from top to bottom) Choirs of Angels; Christ, Mary and Saints; Virtues, Gifts of the Holy Spirit and Beatitudes; and at the bottom of the cuppola: Capital Sins and Hell. These frescoes are considered Zuccari´s greatest work. But the quality of the work is uneven because of the input of different artists and the different techniques. Vasari had used true fresco, while Zuccari had painted in secco.
"


Sources and References Index
Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_maria_del_fiore
 
see also.. other works of art - The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com see also.. other works of art
hotels, B&B, apartments, residences, farmhouses, hostels, camping in Florence - The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com hotels in Florence
 
The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com more hotel:
more hotel: The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com
activity in Florence - The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com activity in Florence
accommodations in Tuscany by itinerary - The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com accommodations in Tuscany by itinerary
to book Florence - The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com to book Florence
advertising in Florence - The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com advertising in Florence
Tuscany hotels b&b farmhouses apartments residences hostels camping information and reservation Italy


eng - The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com eng   esp - The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com esp   ita - The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence - Museums in Florence works of art and hotel reservation in Florence - Tuscany with tuscaning.com ita

2014 tuscaning.com ®