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ELBA  Isola d´Elba (Livorno)   Mi garba
 
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Isola d´Elba - Isola d´Elba (Livorno) Elba in Isola d´Elba - Museums in Isola d´Elba works of art and hotel reservation in Isola d´Elba - Tuscany with tuscaning.com
 
"
Elba (Latin: Ilva) is an island in Tuscany, Italy, 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the coastal town of Piombino. It is the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago, located between the Tyrrhenian Sea and Ligurian Sea, and the third largest island in Italy after Sicily and Sardinia. Elba and the other islands of the Tuscan Archipelago are part of the National Park of the Tuscan Archipelago. The French island of Corsica lies about 50 kilometres (30 mi) to the west. In Italian it is called Isola d´Elba.The island is divided into eight municipalities, of which Portoferraio is the main one, the others; Campo nell´Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Porto Azzurro, Rio Marina, and Rio nell´Elba, are part of province of Livorno, for a total of about 30 thousand inhabitants, which increases considerably during the summer.Originally inhabited by Ligures Ilvati who gave the ancient name Ilva, the island was well known from very ancient times for its iron resources and its valued mines. The Greeks called it Aethalia (fume) after the fumes of the furnaces for the metal production.The island was then taken by force by the Etruscans first and (after 480 BC) by the Romans. After the end of the Roman Empire, the island suffered from ravages by barbarians and Saracens. In the early 11th century it became a possession of the Republic of Pisa. When the latter, in 1398, was sold to the Visconti of Milan, the island was acquired by the Appiani, Lords of Piombino, who retained it for two centuries. In 1546 part of the island was handed over to Cosimo I de´ Medici, who fortified Portoferraio, renaming it Cosmopoli, while in 1577 the rest of the island returned to the Appiani. In 1603 Philip II of Spain captured Porto Azzurro and built there two fortresses. In 1802 the island became a French possession, and its economy flourished.Following the Treaty of Fontainebleau, French emperor Napoleon I was exiled to Elba after his forced abdication in 1814 and arrived at Portoferraio on May 3, 1814 to begin his exile there. He was allowed to keep a personal guard of six hundred men. Although he was nominally sovereign of Elba, the island was watched (more or less) by British naval patrols.During these months, partly to pass the time and partly out of a genuine concern for the well-being of the people, he carried out a series of economic and social reforms to improve the quality of life on Elba. Napoleon stayed on Elba for 300 days. He returned to France on February 26 for the Hundred Days. After his defeat at Waterloo he was subsequently exiled again, this time to the barren and isolated South Atlantic island of Saint Helena. Napoleon´s stay on Elba is the basis for the famous English language palindrome: Able was I ere I saw Elba. It is for the connection with Napoleon that Elba is best known internationally.In the Congress of Vienna the island was given to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. In 1860 it became part of the new unified Kingdom of Italy.French troops landed on Elba on June 17, 1944, liberating the island from the Germans. Faulty intelligence and strong defences made the battle more difficult than expected.More recently, the island has become famed for its wine. It is today a renowned tourist resort.
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Sources and References Index
Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elba
 
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