hotels, B&B, apartments, residences, farmhouses, hostels, campings of the itinerary Chianti Tuscany Folklore
CHIANTI in Tuscany
|The Hills of the Chianti are a zone of the Tuscany between the province of Florence, Siena and Arezzo. To plunge in the green landscape of the Chianti means to find hills forged by the presence of men, but that are integrated with imposing castles, walls, ancient stones, medieval churches and villages.The Chianti valley weavs its way between the gently sloping hills covered with rows of vines, in contrast with the extensive stretches of oak, ilex and chestnut woods. In this strip of Tuscany, bordered by the outskirts of Florence to the north, the Monti del Chianti to the east, the city of Siena to the south, and the valleys of the Greve, the Pesa and the Elsa to the west, Chianti Classico has been produced for centuries.This ancient land, first Etruscan and then Roman, during the Middle Ages was a battle site for the cities of Florence and Siena, and those years saw the construction of villages, monasteries, castles and fortresses, subsequently transformed into villas and residences when times were more peaceful.From the 18th Century the woods were cleared to make space for vine growing, an activity which became increasingly important for the economy and was to gain international fame.The countryside with its farmhouses and attractive estates still has traces of the share-cropping.In the second half of the 13th Century Florence organised its rural lands into autonomous jurisdictions known as Leagues, each of which was headed by a podesta. In 1415 Radda was declared the capital of the Chianti League, and it was here that the podesta with jurisdiction over the three districts of Radda, Gaiole and Castellina had its headquarters. In the very heart of the oldest part of the Chianti Classico region we find the village of Radda. Because of the villages border position its history was influenced by the war between Siena and Florence, and since it was under Florentine protection it could not experience peace until the end of the Sienese Republic. Radda is an important wine producing centre, and also a crossing point for those roads in the Chianti region which join small villages and isolated farms.Castellina in Chianti is a peaceful village with its old buildings gathered together on a hill at a height of 578 metres, and set amid geometrical expanses of vineyards, olive groves and oak woods. The surrounding areas are enchantingly beautiful, dotted with churches, castles and farms ready to welcome guests into what can be defined as a blend of nature and refined relaxation. Greve in Chianti is situated on the Via Chiantigiana, that connects Florence with Siena passing through the evocative landscape of Chianti. With its beautiful triangular square it was for a long time in the shadows of neighbouring Montefioralle and Panzano, perched on the surrounding hills, and in fact it functioned as the market place for these towns and was referred to as the market town of Greve. The countryside around Greve slopes gently down to vast expanses of vineyards and olive groves, while at the top of the slopes the vines make way for copses, oak woods and a wealth of pine and fir woods. The whole region, even the wildest parts, has the signs of the centuries of work carried out by Chianti peasants to try and cultivate this difficult land, and bearing witness to its medieval past are the many churches, often very small, even tiny, but always very picturesque. In the Chianti the magic of the landscape is not only respected, but quite valued. Moreover, the Chianti is famous for its wine. In fact from the geographic name derives the name of this excellent red wine. In the local cookery it is used very much, both as an ingredient for tasty meals and to accompany the typical dishes with extraordinary taste. Here you can taste delicious meats (beef, but also the game, as an example wild boar, hare, pheasant) and cheeses, fruits and vegetable, and, at the end, extremely good sweets.
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