hotels, B&B, apartments, residences, farmhouses, hostels, campings of the itinerary Wine Roads Tuscany Folklore
WINE ROADS in Tuscany
|Tuscany, region of very old oenological traditions, is often defined as the la terra delle dolci colline (land of the sweet hills), hills where there are many vineyards producing white and red wines of unique taste. The wine roads are itineraries organised to allow us to visit the vineyards, the cellars for tasting, and at the same time, the typical places, hamlets, century-old villas of unrivalled beauty and villages, each one with their own traditions. Winding through the Tuscan hills, the wine roads offer travel itineraries within remarkable viticulture areas which are characterized by vineyards and wine cellars and also by landscape, historical attractions in a frame where all kinds of comfort is offered to welcome tourists.Tuscany is the first region, among all the others in Italy, which has promoted the realization of these itineraries. Along the wine road signs point out clearly places for lodging, especially farm holidays. Information services are available all over an area where vineyard control is guaranteed by strict quality standards.Any time of the year is suitable to participate in these itineraries, whose beauty reveals itself in various ways at any change of season. The approach to wine is not only characterized by the simple act of tasting it, but it goes along with visits to vineyards, tastes of typical dishes and attendance to cultural events.Nowadays exist 14 Tuscan wine roads:- The wine road of the Candia and Lunigiana hills- The wine road of the hills around Lucca and Montecarlo- The Medici wine roads of Carmignano- The wine roads of the Chianti Rufina and Pomino - The wine road of the land of Arezzo- The wine road of the Florentine hills - The wine roads of Montespertoli - The wine street of the Pisan hills - The wine road of the Vernaccia di San Gimignano- The wine road of the Vino Nobile di Montepulciano - The wine road of the Etruscan coast - The wine road of the Monteregio di Massa Marittima - The wine road of the Montecucco- The wine road of the Maremman hills In the territory of the province of Massa Carrara the way of the road of the wine is characterized by naturalistic attractions, cultural and historical in a heterogeneous morphological environment context. The wine produced in this area is called Candia. It is a very light white wine, ideal for fish dishes. Lucchesi hills are rare beauty places, with a history to tell: naturalistic paths of rural tradition, villas of 500 and 800 of ineguagliabile decaying beauty, hills rimmed by olives and hundred-year-old vineyards.The Carmignano Medici Wine Trail meanders through an area which has been inhabited since ancient times and which is famous for its excellent wine. An incredible variety of terrain, position, rain, temperature, humidity, ventilation and insulation all have their part to play in this little patch of land which is capable of producing superb wines. In the South-East of Florence, between the Mugello and the Casentino area, on the border to the Emilia Romagna, we find the kingdom of the Rufina Docg Chianti and the Pomino Doc, two wines of different personality and characteristics, both known and appreciated for centuries. The area at South-East from Florence is famous for the production of white wine. In Cortona you could see one of the most enchanting Italian valleys: the Val di Chiana (Chiana Valley) which extends until the Lago di Trasimeno (Trasimeno Lake) and the Monte Amiata. The DOC white wine is sold under the name Bianco Vergine di Valdichiana. Also the red wine Chianti DOCG is produced in this area.The area of the Florentine hills is the whole area around the Tuscan capital Florence. The Chianti Colli Fiorentini is classified as DOCG-wine. Furthermore this area is the home of the famous Florentine family Antinori, whose wine-cellars are famous byond the bounds of Italy. The whole area east of Florence produces wine of more density.Montespertoli is located about 30 km South-West from Florence.Also the wine sorts of this area are part of the Chianti wine. The DOCGs are the Chianti di Montespertoli and the Chianti Colli, whereas the DOC wine is the Colli dellEtruria Centrale. The Pisa area, apart from boasting internationally renowned artistic treasures, also offers exciting possibilities in lesser known places sprinkled throughout the territory. Such villages and towns are to be found on the Pisan Hills Wine Trail: San Miniato, Palaia, La Rotta, Peccioli, Laiatico, Terricciola, Lari, Crespina, Fauglia, Lorenzana, Casciana Terme and Chianni. San Gimignano is located North-West from Siena. La Vernaccia (very dry white wine) was already mentioned in the 14th century. The wine types of this area classified as DOCG are: the white wine Vernaccia di San Gimignano and the red wine Chianti Colli Senesi, whereas the red wine Colli dellEtruria Centrale and the white wine San Gimignao were awarded as DOC wine. The area of the Vino Nobile di Montepulciano is situated between the Val dOrcia (Orcia Valley) and the Val di Chiana (Chiana Valley), borders in the east with Umbria. This wine was the first one classified as DOCG and is one of the most important Italian wine types. Already in the 17th century, Francesco Redi called this wine the king of the Tuscan wine. The Rosso di Montepulciano, classified as DOC-wine is not aged for two years in wood barrels and is intended for the immediate consumption.The wine road of the Etruscan coast starts with Montecatini Val di Cecina until Montescudaia (headquarters of the DOC-Consortium), Cecina, Bolgheri, Castagneto Carducci, Sassetta, Suvereto, Campiglia Marittima, Venturina and ends with the port of Piombino. On the Island of Elba, the wine road continues and leads from Marina di Campo over the whole island, until Rio Marina. From this fertile ground originate famous types of wine such as the Sassicaia of the Count Incisa della Rocchetta. The year 1968 was the first year of the Sassicaia, produced on the land of the Tenuta di San Guido, near Bolgheri.Directly adjacent to the area of the wine road of the Etruscan Coast starts the wine road of the Monteregio di Massa Marittima which within the past three years has acquired a great esteem. The DOC red and white wine is called Monteregio di Massa Marittima. The road of the Montecucco wine covers a wide area to lean there of the Amiata Mountain which has its center in Cinigiano. Montecucco is the municipality which joins the Maremma and the Amiata.The seven municipalities interested by the D.O.C. Montecucco are all in Grosseto province, further on to Cinigiano: Civitella Paganico, Campagnatico, Castel del Piano, Arcidosso, Seggiano and Roccalbegna.The last Trail crosses what might be termed the Flower of the Maremma, and includes 13 municipalities and 4 DOC wines. Here we can trace the history of Man from Etruscan (or even pre-Etruscan) times up to today, where the modern has been inspired by the traditions and customs of the past; where nature gives the best of itself - its colours, climate, perfumes and sea-reflecting hills; and where the woods are wild and rugged while the countryside is civilised by Man. One of the best known events linked to these trials is the Wine Cellars Open Day. It consists in guided visits through different cellars and areas: from ancient wine cellars with the oak barrels to the vinsantaia (rooms where there are the vin santo barrels), to the rooms where is stored the olive oil. You could also find pieces of old machinery no longer in use, displayed along with wine-making tools that tell the story of older methods of bottling, filtering, labelling and plugging up. At the end of these fascinating experiences, guests are often introduced to a wine tasting accompanied by typical Tuscan food.
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