hotels, B&B, apartments, residences, farmhouses, hostels, campings of the itinerary Uccellina Park Tuscany Folklore
UCCELLINA PARK in Tuscany
|The Maremma Regional Park (Parco Regionale della Maremma), also known as Uccellina Park (Parco dellUccellina) covers a coastal area between Principina a Mare and Talamone near Grosseto, Magliano in Toscana and Orbetello, right up to the Livorno-Roma train line.The more ancient settlement is San Rabano Abbey (Abbazia di San Rabano), founded by Roselle Bishops, whose large possessions spread up to the lands around the city of Grosseto. The history of the monastery and its territory is strictly linked to the history of this city which became more important when the Bishop Seat was transferred there from the city of Roselle, now in decline. In the X century the area was under the domain of the Aldobrandeschi Counts of Sovana. In 1221 the Aldobrandeschi formed a federation with Siena Republic, according to Federico II. Meanwhile the Aldobrandeschi family had divided by marriage into two branches: the Sovana branch and the Santa Fiora branch. After settling in the Grosseto area, in 1283 the Santa Fiora family confirmed the conventions signed in 1221 with the Republic of Siena: then in 1301, taking advantage of the declining power of the Santa Fiora family, the Sienese took back the city of Grosseto.In 1307 the problem of delimitation of the borders between the Courts of Grosseto and Montiano created some disagreements. The people of Grosseto, however, did not tolerate the Sienese domination; the powerful citizen Bino di Messe, Abbot of Malia, instigated the people to rebel. In 1310, the Sienese managed to prevail again convincing the opposition to surrender without bloodshed. The year 1327 is of extreme importance for the history of Maremma as Ludovico of Bavaria, soon after being crowned King of the Romans in Italy, on his way to Rome, passed through the Maremman area. The following year he tried in vain to conquer the city of Grosseto. The sons of Bino del Malia had successfully managed to defend the city along with the Sienese, and had kept the domain of Grosseto until 1334: however, when their father passed away, the Government of Sienna (Governo dei Nove di Siena) thought it an appropriate moment to take back the Signoria of Grosseto, by sending there the best militia. It was the very same Jacopo of Cante Gabrielli who, once the city had been taken by force, reformed all the constitutions and put into place the foundations to transform Grosseto into a powerful fortress: he also brought Malia and Abbatino to Siena. In 1335 they then managed to escape from prison and take possession of the city of Grosseto, helped by the Pisans. They also defeated the Sienese the following year and repossessed the afflicted maremman city for good.In 1447 a new conqueror, Alfonso of Aragon settled in Grosseto. In the meanwhile this province was facing adverse fortune; its population was gradually decreasing, and social conditions, agricultural productivity and climate were also diminishing.The Republic of Sienna had been inevitably weakened by the continuous wars against Cosimo I: the French, allayed with Siena, sought refuge in Grosseto in 1559, the year of their absolute defeat.The landscape is rich and diverse. The vegetation on the Uccellina hills is characterised by rosemary, pink heather, and lentiscus. In spring time, many varieties of wild orchids blossom in the scrub land contrasting with red earth.Both the scrub land and the abandoned olive groves move spontaneously towards the maquis and this causes the progressive growth of thicker and thicker shrubs.The air is full of the perfume of aromatic shrubs and the sound of animal cries. Cultivated fields, lawns for pasture, vineyards and olive groves must all be included among the agricultural areas, as they often represent important areas where wild animals can find food.In the flat areas of the Uccellina hills and on the plains near the sea, maremman cattle is bred free. These animals have a massive structure, huge horns, and a grey mantle with many different nuances.Maremman horses are also bred free; this type of horses belong to the same group as the Berber horses which the Romans had imported from Numidia. The maremman horse is the product of a rigorous selection during the centuries and, despite his modest height, is well able to resist fatigue and adapt to the abrupt climate changes.
Live the emotion of a holiday conceived around you!