hotels, B&B, apartments, residences, farmhouses, hostels, campings of the itinerary Wine Tuscany Folklore
WINE in Tuscany
|Tuscany is known mainly for Chianti, while Tuscanys wine of greatest stature is Brunello di Montalcino. Its climate, soil and very old traditions of viticulture make Italy a natural wine growing nation. The wines are as personal as a name, as different as the colors of the rainbow and as much a part of Italian life as almost 3,000 years of tradition can make them. The Etruscans of North-Central Italy, who created one of the peninsulas earliest civilizations, left evidence of how to make wine. The Greeks who soon after established themselves in the South gave Italy the name Enotria (the land of wine). For centuries wine growing has been the cultivation which used most of the labor of the Italian farmers; this is still true today; a large part of the population is engaged in the vine and wine industry.The roads of the wine, also called Wine Trails of Tuscany, run through magnificent wine-growing areas which, apart from the obvious vineyards and wineries, offer an integrated tourist package of cultural, historical and natural attractions. The roads of the wine are ways within territories to high Vitivinicola vocation characterized, besides from vineyards and cellars of agricultural companies, by naturalistic attractions, cultural and historical particularly significant supplemented to the aims of a enoturistic offer.The wine road of the hills around Lucca and Montecarlo are rare beauty places, with a history to tell: here the enchanting Lucchesi hills. Naturalistic paths of rural tradition , villas of 500 and 800 of ineguagliabile decaying beauty, hills rimmed by olives and hundred-year-old vineyards in means the faith of the last centuries has built to parishes and churches from the high bell towers are the striking atmospheres crossed by the Road of the Wine.In the territory of the province, (Carrara, Massa, Montignoso) the way of the road of the wine is characterized by Naturalistiche attractions, cultural and historical in a morphological very heterogeneous environment context. The Carmignano Medici Wine Trail meanders through an area which has been inhabited since ancient times and which is famous for its excellent wine. This wine was appreciated and purchased as far back as 1300 by Marco Datini, and was the first wine to be awarded the first Italian (Medici) DOC guarantee of quality. This road has antique origins or even better to say noble origins and winds between the Province of Pistoia and Florence, in the small Province of Prato, an area rich of history. In places like Poggio a Caiano, Artimino and Carmignano are produced DOCs such as the Barco Reale di Carmignano, the Carmignano Rosato or the Carmignano Rosso as well as the Carmignano Rosso di Riserva (both DOC).An incredible variety of terrain, position, rain, temperature, humidity, ventilation and insulation all have their part to play in this little patch of land which is capable of producing superb wines. This magic formula is derived from an indefinably complex combination of happy circumstances that would be useless to try to analyse. One can only list a few of the favourable features at work, such as well-drained limy soil, the opening of the hills onto an extensive airy and sunny plain, winds from the nearby Appenine heights which ensure cool nights, as well as fairly rainy summers both of which react well with the heat of the day (not far above sea level) to cause an early ripening of grapes and, hence, an early harvest. The area of the Vino Nobile di Montepulciano is situated between the Val dOrcia (Orcia Valley) and the Val di Chiana (Chiana Valley), borders in the east with Umbria. The road starts in the north with Abbadia towards Montepulciano, passing Cervognano, Acquaviva until S. Albino. Only after two years of storage the wine can be called Vino Nobile di Montepulciano. This wine was the first one classified as DOCG and is one of the most important Italian wine types byond the Italian bounds. Already in the 17th century, Francesco Redi called this wine the king of the Tuscan wine. The Rosso di Montepulciano, classified as DOC-wine is not aged for two years in wood barrels and is intended for the immediate consumption. Immediately to Firenze east an enchanted territory is opened.we are in kingdom of the Rufina Docg Chianti and the Pomino Doc, two wines of different personality and characteristics, both known and appreciated for centuries. On these hills which stretch out themselves toward the Appennini, the big Tuscan civilization lightens in a landscape studded by towers, Manieri ancients, Cinquecentesche villas and Romanesque parishes. We are now South-East from Florence, between the Mugello and the Casentino area, on the border to the Emilia Romagna. As already indicates the name, it is a side area of the Chianti region. This wine road was the first one in Tuscany. Driving South-West, we start in Pontassieve sullArno towards Rufina with the Medici-villa Poggio Reale, where toaday is located the wine museum Museo della Vite e del Vino. Then, we drive to Londa. Not far away are famous places such as Borgo San Lorenzo and the Ombrosa Valley (Vallombrosa). The wine of this area is the red wine Chianti Rufina (DOCG) and the white wine Bianco Pomino (DOC).The Pisa area, apart from boasting internationally renowned artistic treasures, also offers exciting possibilities in lesser known places sprinkled throughout the territory. Such villages and towns are to be found on our Pisan Hills Wine Trail: San Miniato, Palaia, La Rotta, Peccioli, Laiatico, Terricciola, Lari, Crespina, Fauglia, Lorenzana, Casciana Terme and Chianni. From San Miniato one drives over the Pisan hills towards Pisa. In this area are produced the red wine Chianti and the Chianti delle Colline Pisane (both DOCG). Although both have the name Chianti, they are more delicate and lighter. Other DOC wine types of this area are the white wine Bianco Pisano di San Torp&ecute; and the Colli dellEtruria Centrale. Montespertoli is located about 30 km South-West from Florence. Also the wine sorts of this area are part of the Chianti wine. The DOCGs are the Chianti di Montespertoli and the Chianti Colli, whereas the DOC wine is the Colli dellEtruria Centrale. Given its climate, soil and exposure to sun, the area of Montespertoli is ideal for wine-growing; in fact, 1,400 hectares of the approximately 1,600 devoted to wine-growing are DOCG. Annual production of grapes is 19,000 quintals and wine production is 140,110 hectolitres, of which 91,152 are DOCG. The wine road of the Florentine hills is the whole area around the Tuscan capital Florence. Our trip starts South-West from Florence with Tavarnelle Val di Pesa. Afterwards one drives through places like Montelupo Fiorentino (famous for the there produced pottery and terracotta), Lastra a Signa, Scandicci and Florence. Or, departing South-East from Florence, starting with Ponte agli Stolli towards Figline Valdarno, Reggello, Rignano, Impruneta (production of terracotta pots) and at the end Fiesole with the cathedral San Romolo. The Chianti Colli Fiorentini is classified as DOCG-wine. Furthermore this area is the home of the famous Florentine family Antinori, whose wine-cellars are famous byond the bounds of Italy. The whole area east of Florence produces wine of more density.Lets talk now about the wine road of the land of Arezzo.This area is South-East from Florence and is famous for the there produced white wine. The trip starts with Cortona, from whose city walls it is possible to admire one of the most enchanting Italian valleys: the Val di Chiana (Chiana Valley) which extends until the Lago di Trasimeno (Trasimeno Lake) and the Monte Amiata. If one goes from here towards north, half way between Cortona and Arezzo is located Castiglion Fiorentino whose historical center is worth beeing visited. The next stop is Arezzo, a town with Etruscan origins.Continuing from here towards Nort-West, it is possible to visit places like Castiglion Fibocchi, Loro Ciufenna and Castelfranco di sopra. Returning San Giovanni Val dArno over the southern part, passing Cavriglia, Montevarchi, Civitella in Chianti, Monte San Savino until Foiano della Chiana. The DOC white wine is sold under the name Bianco Vergine di Valdichiana. Also the red wine Chianti DOCG is produced in this area.Directly adjacent to the area of the wine road of the Etruscan Coast starts the wine road of the Monteregio di Massa Marittima which within the past three years has acquired a great esteem. This road starts in the North with the thermal spring Terme di Bagnolo and goes from there over Monterotondo Marittimo, Massa Marittima (cathedral and Balestro del Girifalco), Scarlino (medieval castle) until reaching the coast with Follonica or Castiglione della Pescaia (picturesque seaside resort). Afterwards it goes again towards the interior passing Vetulonia (Etruscan excavations), Gavorrano, Montemassi and Roccastrada. The DOC red and white wine is called Monteregio di Massa Marittima. The road of the wine Massa Marittima Monteregio crosses the district of the Metallifere Hills, in the Alta Maremma Grossetana. Placed in central position as regards other zones to vitivinicola vocation, it allows to reach, briefly, zones of cultural, artistic, archaeological, enogastronomico and naturalistic interest. Will be easy along the way being astonished how as a lot of beauty and variety of landscape, contained between the hills and the sea, have remained preserve from the big flows of the mass tourism. For the visitor, therefore, theres the possibility of tasting the happy discovery of an emergent Tuscany corner and of its wine, rich of promises.The Montecucco Wine Trail runs through a vast area situated on the slopes of Mount Amiata, which has its centre at Cinigiano, lying between the Maremma region and Amiata. The seven Comuni which produce the Montecucco DOC wine are all to be found in the Province of Grosseto, in South Tuscany, and are, besides Cinigiano: Civitella Paganico, Campagnatico, Castel del Piano, Arcidosso, Seggiano and Roccalbegna. Also the wine road of the Montecucco is part of the four Maremman wine roads. It is located in the interior of the Maremma towards the Monte Amiata. Starting from north with Bagno di Petriolo, passing Civitella Marittima until the center of the area with Cinignano. From there it goes towards west, passing the Mountain Montecucco after which is called the wine road, until Campagnatico. The easter part is Monticello, Castel del Piano (Torre dellOrologio), Seggiano until reaching Ansedonia. The road of the Montecucco wine covers a wide area to lean there of the Amiata Mountain which which has its center in Cinigiano. Montecucco is the council which joins the Maremma and the Amiata. The seven councils interested by the D.O.C. Montecucco are all in Grosseto province, in the southern Tuscany and are further on to Cinigiano: Civitella Paganico, Campagnatico, Castel del Piano, Arcidosso, Seggiano and Roccalbegna.Round off with the wine road of the Maremman hills.This area is situated in the south of the Province of Grosseto. Our trip starts with Capalbio, from where it goes towards Magliano in Toscana until reaching Scansano (red wine Morellino di Scansano). From Scansano one goes towards north until Istia dOmbrone. Driving in the opposite direction, there are place like Pitigliano (built on a tuff rock), around which is produced the white wine Bianco di Pitigliano. On the return it is worth to visit Saturnia and the natural thermal baths. Back towards the coast one can visit Manciano and Orbetello. The DOC-wine Morellino di Scansano is a red wine of a very intensive colour that ideally goes with the typical cuisine of the Maremma (game and mushroom dishes). Whereas the DOC-white wine Bianco di Pitigliano is the ideal wine which accompanies the typical fish cuisine from the coast. This Trail crosses what might be termed the Flower of the Maremma, and includes 13 Comuni and 4 DOC wines. Here we can trace the history of Man from Etruscan (or even pre-Etruscan) times up to today, where the modern has been inspired by the traditions and customs of the past; where nature gives the best of itself - its colours, climate, perfumes and sea-reflecting hills; and where the woods are wild and rugged while the countryside is civilised by Man. Agriculture is of course the main economical resource of this area - one thinks immediately of cheeses, olive oil and especially wine, wine which is slowly and silently scaling the heights of excellence. Not to forget also the red wine from Montalcino near Siena. The Brunello di Montalcino has to age for 50 months in wood barrels. In order to be able to have on the lable the nomination Riserva the wine has to age at least five years in the wood barrels. The red wine Rosso di Montalcino only has to age for about 10 months. Because of the nearness to Pienza, the Brunello di Montalcino is the ideal wine to taste the Pecorino di Pienza as well as the typical dishes of this area such as game dishes.
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